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Ardoises géantes

April 2023

Giant slates

The Parents' Associations (APE) of the 3 schools in the Kou valley requested support from the ADVK to obtain "giant" slates. In order to facilitate learning in overcrowded classes, schools in Burkina Faso have adopted a new teaching method by having children work in small groups on “giant” slates.
However, the purchase of these slates is left to the responsibility of the APEs whose operating budget is only the registration fees (€3 per student per year). Between unpaid bills and internally displaced persons who do not pay school fees, the APEs have great difficulty meeting current expenses (chalk, electricity, etc.)

Goals

Providing “giant” to the 3 primary schools in the Kou valley.
In total, the 3 schools have 1,500 students with 6 classes per school and an average of 80 students. With working groups of 7 to 8 students, you need 10 slates per class, or 180 slates in total.
The APEs of the 3 schools will finance approximately 10% of the total budget, or €200.

Actions

The manufacture of a wooden slate measuring 60 by 80 cm, painted in slate, costs €10.

Results

The 150 giant slates were distributed to the 3 schools in the Kou valley. They will help improve the learning conditions of the 1,500 students in these schools.

Project budget

Total cost 1 650 €

Schoolchildren working on old slates
New giant slate
Delivery of slates
75 tables-bancs réparées

December 2022

Desks for school

Since 2015, Burkina Faso has been caught in a spiral of violence attributed to armed jihadist groups. This conflict has left at least 2,000 dead and nearly 2 million displaced out of a population of 21 million inhabitants. This insecurity and violence affects the entire country, impacting education with 5,700 schools closed.

Goals

Since the beginning of 2022, the town of Bama has been faced with the arrival of these displaced people from the north of the country but also from a few villages in the region near the Mali border. These farming families were forced to leave their land, their only means of subsistence, in the face of cattle theft, looting of homes, kidnappings of loved ones and executions.
At the start of the 2022 school year, more than 500 displaced children were welcomed, complicating the organization of already overcrowded classes. These children sometimes sit on the floor facing the board. Students bring their old clothes for their classmates or chip in to pay for a pair of shoes... With an almost bankrupt state and repeated coups d'état, the parents' association asked the ADVK to renovate 75 table-benches which will improve the material conditions of learning and teaching.

Actions

Renovate the 75 table-benches for students and 5 desks for teachers with the welder and carpenter from the town of Bama.

Results

At the beginning of December, the 75 table-benches and 5 desks were repaired and made it possible to improve learning conditions for nearly 600 students.

Project budget

Total cost 550 €

Classe de CM1 surchargée
Réparation chez le menuisier
Récupération des bureaux réparés
Latrines de l'école de Bama

June 2022

Renovation of school latrines

Among the solutions to encourage children to go to school, few people think about toilets. However, the availability of toilets can encourage children, especially girls, to go to school and follow their education.

Goals

The lack of adequate toilets in schools threatens the education of millions of children in developing countries. In fact, they risk falling sick due to poor hygiene and therefore do not go to school. The risks are even higher for girls.
When a girl reaches puberty, access to some privacy can be the important factor in her further education. During their period, they must have access to a water point. Without this, they may be absent during these periods or worse, drop out of school altogether. As the latrines of two primary schools in Bama were unusable, we were asked to rehabilitate them.

Actions

Rehabilitate the 4 latrines by building a separate space for girls and boys.
Purchase of kettles for washing hands and padlocks for healthy management of latrines.

Results

For the end of the work, a meal was offered to the 1,500 schoolchildren from the 3 primary schools.

Project budget

Total cost 885 €

Inauguration of latrines
Organization of a meal for schoolchildren
Original latrines
Renovated latrines
Bibliothèque Bama

April 2022

Bama Multimedia Library

The development of human capital through education has a positive influence on economic efficiency, health, nutrition and preservation of the environment.
From this point of view, the countries of sub-Saharan Africa are handicapped with a literacy rate the weakest in the world. It is 30% in Burkina Faso while it is 99% in France.

Goals

Même si la couverture scolaire quantitative au Burkina Faso s’est nettement améliorée, avec un taux de scolarisation brut qui est passé de 11 % en 1970 à 80 % en 2012, la qualité des ressources éducatives (humaines et matérielles) et la qualité de l’enseignement restent très faibles.
L'ADVK a été sollicité par le maire de Bama pour équiper une salle multimédia de 100 m2 en livres, manuel scolaires et matériel informatique. Le bâtiment abritant cette salle multimédia destinée à la jeunesse de la commune a été financé par le gouvernement du Burkina Faso.

Actions

Around thirty cupboards, school furniture and 25 computer packs (CPU, screen, keyboard mouse) were donated by companies and institutions of the Tarn department (Departmental Council, Lycée Rascol, Fondation Bon Sauveur, etc.).
3,500 books and 3,500 school textbooks were collected from schools and libraries in the Albi region. The hardware was upgraded with the installation of the free operating system (Linux) and the purchase of 3G keys to allow users to connect to the internet.
Transport to Bama was done by a container.
The Bama town hall and the ADVK will be in charge of the management of these installations through a management committee bringing together a municipal official, a representative of the ADVK, a member of the teaching teams and a student representative.

Results

The container left Albi in December 2019 to arrive in Bama in February 2020. At the same time, Bama town hall was faced with the arrival of the Coronavirus and the equipment was stored in a room.
After two years punctuated by the consequences of the epidemic and preventing the association's volunteers from going to the site, the equipment was moved to the « youth room » in January 2022.
Following the coup d'état of January 24, 2022, local authorities have been dissolved, delaying the establishment of the management committee.
The library can only be opened to the public after the establishment of this management committee guaranteeing the good management of the library and its equipment.

Project budget

Total cost 7 000 €

Interior of the library
Boxes of books to inventory
Interior of the library to be fitted out
Distribution de l'aide aux déplacés

February 2022

Support for displaced people from Bama

Since 2015, Burkina Faso has been caught in a spiral of violence attributed to armed jihadist groups.
This conflict left at least 2,000 dead and 1.4 million displaced out of a population of 21 million. This insecurity and violence affects the entire Sahel region in the north of the country, directly impacting the lives of millions of people, forced to abandon everything and flee.

Goals

The town of Bama has been facing the arrival of these displaced people from the north of the country (Loroum region) for several months. There are around 400 of them, including a majority of children who traveled between 400 and 700 km to join family.
These farming families were forced to leave their land, their only means of subsistence, in the face of cattle theft, looting of homes, kidnappings of loved ones and executions.
Without government assistance, these displaced people are an exorbitant burden for host families in the town of Bama.

Actions

Provision of direct support to displaced people through food aid (corn, rice, cowpeas and oil), mats and soap.
This support was financed by the ADVK through the support of its members and supporters.

Results

In collaboration with the CDVC of Bama (Dialogue and Citizen Monitoring Committee) the aid was distributed on February 5 to more than 400 people spread across around thirty families.
550 kg of rice, 1 ton of corn, 600 kg of cowpea, 190 liters of oil, 40 mats and 225 blocks of soap, enough to relieve these families for a few months.

Project budget

Total cost 2 050 €

Displaced family with support provided by ADVK
Distribution of aid to the displaced
Preparation of aid for the displaced by the women of the Mouniou association
Displaced family
Displaced family
Rénovation d'une classe

December 2020

Renovation of a classroom

Kou Valley primary schools A, E and H have 20 classes and nearly 1,500 students.
Due to the unsanitary condition of a building, the schoolchildren are divided into 19 classes, accentuating overcrowding (on average 80 students per class).

Goals

This project aims to renovate this classroom which now serves as a store for the 2020-21 school year. A store will be built between two existing buildings.
It is also planned to equip each class with a hand basin. Every year, around 5,000 children under the age of 5 die worldwide from diarrhea and pneumonia due to the use of contaminated water. According to Unicef and WHO, by regular hand washing, the morbidity rate can be reduced by half.
Faced with the arrival of Covid-19 in Burkina Faso, one of the only means of protection available to the population is regular hand washing.

Actions

Repair of the building's roof, ceilings, openings and paintings. This work was carried out by craftsmen from the city of Bama.
25 hand wash basins and soaps were purchased as part of the “Educate yourself despite Covid” project.

Results

The renovation of the class was completed in August 2020. It welcomed students at the start of the school year and made it possible to reduce the number of students per class.
The store is under construction.

Project budget

Total cost 3 500 €

Classroom before work
End of the works
Bama artisans at work
Paint work
S'éduquer malgré le Covid-19

July 2020

Educate yourself despite Covid-19

Faced with the Coronavirus epidemic, the ADVK mobilized and responded to a special Covid-19 call for projects from the Agence Micro Projet.
The project received a grant of €1,400...

Goals

Allow 1,500 schoolchildren from Kou Valley A, E and H schools to return to school, by providing them with the material means to protect themselves against the Coronavirus.
The first barrier against the virus is regular hand washing. Without running water, it is difficult to enforce this basic hygiene rule. The provision of artisanal hand washers makes hand washing easier. In countries where the majority of the population lives in the informal sector and where savings is non-existent, the measures put in place by the government (prohibition of markets, restriction of circulation, closure of schools, etc.) to curb the epidemic, have direct consequences on diet.
With the start of the lean season, the donation of food to the Association of Mother Educators in charge of the school canteen should allow to provide 1,500 schoolchildren with one meal per day for 4 weeks.

Actions

Purchase of 25 artisanal hand washbasins for the 20 classes of the 3 schools and the offices of the educational staff from artisans and traders in the region.
Purchase of 200 blocks of soap and 30 bags of rice of 25 kg (carbohydrates), 14 bags of cowpea (African bean) of 50 kg (proteins) and 10 cans of 5 liters of oil (lipids) from traders in the commune .

Results

A donation ceremony was organized on Wednesday July 1, 2020 in the presence of the educational team, the secretary general of the town hall and the parents' associations.
Hand wash basins have been in use since this date for CM2 students taking exams and will be used for all students from the start of the 2020-21 school year.
On the occasion of the ceremony, a meal was prepared by the Association of Mother Educators in charge of the school canteen for the schoolchildren present.

Report from Radio Bama

The ADVK also offers to support schoolchildren from these 3 schools through sponsorship< /a>.

Project budget

Total cost 2 500 €

CM2 students in exam class
Meal preparation by the Association of Mother Educators
Food donation
Hand washes in front of classes
CM2 students at the meal offered during the ceremony
CM2 students when classes resume
Le soleil éclaire les nuits de la vallée du Kou

November 2018

The sun lights up the nights of the Kou valley

In June 2016, ADVK received financial support from the Micro Project Agency (AMP) for its project to light the homes of the fishing village with solar panels...

Goals

Geographically isolated, the village was unable to benefit from electrification by the network. In 2016, the Benkadi village association with the support of the ADVK built a hall review room lit by solar panels which also power a freezer. The sale of fresh water and ice for the benefit of the village association makes it possible to raise funds for maintenance and renewal of equipment.
After a year of operation, and an economic model in balance, the Benkadi association wishes to double the power of the photovoltaic pack to offer residents of the village to light their homes.

The possibility of lighting homes should make it possible to improve the learning conditions of schoolchildren in a region where the sun sets around 6 p.m. Lighting should also make it possible to improve economic productivity by allowing residents to continue their activities in the evening.

Actions

The construction of an electrical network was carried out between August and September 2018 by installing 9 electrical poles built with IPN. Solar panels with a power of 750 Wp and 400 Ah of additional batteries were installed in October by a specialized company (CB Energie).
The stay of 3 members of the association made it possible to install the electrical cables of the network and to train two young people from the village on the technical aspects of the installation. 52 light bulbs were installed during the stay.
In order to test the installation, connections will be limited to these 52 bulbs until the rainy season (August 2019), the least favorable period in terms of sunshine.
Meetings with the office of the Benkadi association made it possible to set up a method of managing the installations and in particular the collection of connection costs and monthly subscriptions.

Results

The installation works correctly and can power the 52 bulbs.
In consultation with the Benkadi association, connecting a bulb is charged at 2,500 FCFA and the subscription has been set at 400 FCFA/month for a bulb (0.60 €).
These recipes must allow the maintenance and renewal of equipment, particularly batteries which have a limited lifespan.
After 6 months of operation, the village association in charge of managing the installations collected 120,000 FCFA for the connection of 52 bulbs and 125,000 FCFA for monthly subscriptions.
The installation worked correctly for 6 months. With the arrival of the rainy season, the cuts were made earlier and earlier.
These malfunctions were attributed to two parameters:

  • –  The coupling of used batteries (2 years) with new batteries, leading to a more rapid deterioration of charging capacities.
  • –  Some residents do not turn off the light bulbs in their homes during the day or sleep with the lights on.

In order to respond to these two issues, all 8 batteries were changed at the beginning of 2020 for a total cost of 800,000 FCFA (€1,220). Since the project is still in the development phase test, ADVK contributed half of the financing.
A timer was also put in place to manage the supply of electricity to homes. This timer allows you to manage the use of lighting during the day and night. In consultation with the village residents, it was decided to settle the timer from 8:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. in the dry season (most favorable sunshine) and from 6:30 p.m. to 11:00 p.m. in the rainy season.

Project budget

Total cost 6 500 €

Revision room with 1500 Wc of solar panels
Electric pole supplying homes
Installation of electrical cables
Illuminated porthole in front of a house
Lighted house course
Interior of a lit house
Salle de révsision

Febuary 2018

Development of the Bama school borehole

Bama primary school has 686 students divided into 6 classes. The only drinking water point nearby has been drilled a few years ago was never developed...

Goals

Development to limit the risks of pollution linked to stagnant water around the drilling and evacuation of wastewater to a phragmites sump (phyto-purification).

Actions

In collaboration with the parents' association, a mason was chosen to carry out the work. They should begin during February 2018 so that they are completed before the start of the rainy season in early May.

Results

The work was completed at the beginning of March 2018.
The development of the surroundings of the drilling makes it possible to limit pollution by avoiding stagnant water around the drilling and by treating wastewater with a sump equipped with a phyto-purification system based on sand and reeds.
This arrangement made it possible to sustain the drinking water resource for the school children and thus avoid diseases, particularly diarrheal caused by the consumption of contaminated water.

Project budget

Total cost 960 €

Drilling of the school before development work
Drilling of the school before development work
Sump with stagnant water causing disease and borehole contamination
School drilling under construction
Drilling of the school after the work
Association benkadi

December 2017

Facilities Management

The installations set up in the fishing village of the Kou valley and in particular the drilling and the photovoltaic pack are goods with a limited lifespan requiring renewal and regular maintenance...

Goals

Facilities management must enable the maintenance and renewal of equipment. To do this, an economic model must make it possible to generate revenues enabling to ensure the sustainability of these installations, and even their development.

Actions

The borehole, the inspection room and the photovoltaic pack are goods made available to the inhabitants of the village by the ADVK. They are managed in community form by an official association formed by the inhabitants of the village (Benkadi, Entente en Diuola). Benkadi appointed a manager and set her remuneration at 10,000 FCFA per month (€15). The manager is in charge of selling services such as the sale of fresh water and ice, cell phone charging.
The revenue generated by these sales must cover the salary of the manager, the maintenance of the installations and their renewal.

Results

After one year of operation, the average revenue generated by sales is 30,000 FCFA (45 €). These revenues must make it possible to remunerate the manager and ensure maintenance of the installations as well as their renewal.
The amount necessary for the maintenance and renewal of the equipment was estimated at 33,000 FCFA (50 €) on the basis of calculated depreciation on the lifespan of this equipment (4 years for the batteries, 8 years for the inverter, 15 years for the solar panels, 5 years for the freezer and 10 years for the human motor pump).
Battery life is the parameter that most influences the amount of depreciation. This is why the revision room was built with a concrete roof capable of supporting 30 cm of topsoil. allowing the temperature in the technical room to be lowered. Indeed, the ambient temperature of the room where the batteries are stored has a strong influence on their lifespan (7 to 10 years at 20°C, 4 years at 30°C and 2 years at 40°C)

Project budget

Total cost 0 €

Drilling and overhaul room
member of Benkadi's office
Review room
Frozen water
Illuminated revision room
Salle de révsision

June 2016

Construction of a revision room

The installations set up in the fishing village of the Kou valley and in particular the drilling and the photovoltaic pack are goods with a limited lifespan requiring renewal and regular maintenance...

Goals

This room intended for the children of the village must have photovoltaic panels to illuminate the center of the village. Like 95% of villages in rural areas in Burkina Faso, the fishing village does not benefit from electrification. The only way to light until October 2016 was the kerosene lamp.

Actions

Construction of the review room began in early 2016 and was completed in October 2016.
One of the specific features of this construction is its reinforced concrete roof capable of supporting the load of 20 cm of topsoil, making it possible to lower the temperature in the revision room by 7 to 8°C and the technical room in order to preserve the technical equipment and thus extend its lifespan.
An association was created (Ben kadi) to manage the installations. The sale of ice, fresh water, mobile charging must generate revenue allowing the maintenance and renewal of the installations.

Results

Since 2016, the sale of fresh water, bissap (hibiscus juice), mobile phone charging has generated an average turnover of 30,000 FCFA/month. Half of This sum is used to compensate the seller and the balance is saved in a bank account for the renewal of the installations (batteries in particular).

Project budget

Total cost 11 300 €

Revision with kerosene lamp
Pink sandstone bricks cut in Bama
On the left the revision room and on the right the technical room
Review room
Fiat lux
Hand washing
Solar panels on the roof of the revision room
Village children in front of the revision room
Forage du village des pêcheurs

June 2015

Development of the village borehole

Limited access to drinking water is a source of diseases, particularly diarrheal diseases. The lack of clean water weakens the economy and results in loss of income, largely due to the debilitating effects of water-related diseases. In addition, the time and energy wasted fetching water over long distances, a task falling mainly on women and girls, deprive the latter...

Goals

Access to groundwater by a human-powered pump and a drilled well makes it possible to reach the deep water table and to have a drinking and lasting water point near the village.

Actions

The drilling was carried out in 2014 and made it possible to significantly improve the general health of the inhabitants of the camp and more particularly of the children. The water from the borehole captured in the water table at a depth of 45 meters is brought to the surface using an India MK II type human-powered pump.
The development of the surroundings of the drilling makes it possible to limit pollution by preventing water from stagnating around the drilling and by treating the wastewater with a sump equipped with a system phyto-purification based on sand and reeds.

Results

Project budget

Total cost 10 000 €

Drilling in the Kou valley
Sump with a phytopurification system
Children of the Kou Valley
Drilling in the Kou valley
Drilling in the Kou valley
Ecole de Bama

February 2015

School supplies

The children of the fishing village are educated at the Bama primary school located 2 km from the village. The 6 classes of primary school have more than 100 students per class....

Goals

Children are enrolled in school late due to lack of space and financial means for their registration and school supplies.

Actions

The ADVK handed out school supplies in the presence of the school director, representatives of parents and CM 2 students.
The supplies, 100 pens, 100 boxes of colored pencils, a football and a hundred children's books will serve as a reward during the evaluations.
Contacts were made with the school directors to try to set up exchanges with a school in Albi.

Results

Project budget

Total cost 250 €

CE1 class of 123 students
Awards ceremony
Delivery of school supplies
Entry to class
Delivery of school supplies
Association des femmes

February 2015

Microcredit

In Burkina Faso, the poorest populations do not have access to financing to develop economic activities.
These commercial or agricultural activities of modest size make it possible to generate income to meet the needs of the family...

Goals

Make funds available to the women's association "Mouniou" and the men's association "Koba" in order to finance economic activities.

Actions

In February 2015, the president of the ADVK donated the sum of 100,000 FCFA (€150) to the women's association. This amount loaned without interest to the association will make it possible to finance small activities, such as the resale of smoked or dried fish. The terms of the loan (duration, rate, amount) will be set by the association.
As for the women's association, the sum of 100,000 FCFA was given to the men's association. This money will be used to finance, for example, fishing nets or canoes.
A first assessment carried out in October 2016 shows that for the women's association, the sum of 100,000 FCFA was rotated twice, generating 45,000 FCFA in interest (rate of 22.5%).
For the men's association, only 40 000 FCFA were loaned generating 2,000 FCFA in interest (rate of 5%).
The sum of 200,000 FCFA was recovered from the two associations. In January 2017, we doubled the amount of microcredit to women (200,000 FCFA) and renew that of men (100,000 FCFA).
At the end of 2017, the men's association returned the sum of 100,000 FCFA to the ADVK due to poor management.
At the end of 2018, the 200,000 CFA of midro credit for the women's association generated 43,000 FCFA in interest (rate of 11% over 6 months). In view of the good management of these sums, the ADVK has granted 200,000 FCFA of additional micro credit bringing the total sum to 400,000 FCFA (610 €).

Results

Project budget

Total cost 610 €

Women's Association
Koba Men's Association
Mouniou Women's Association
Association of Women in Uniform
Women's association in front of the revision room